Alaska Fish Passage Studies and Resources

This webpage lists a collection of papers on fish passage that date from 1960 to the 2010s, and represent federal and state documents, theses, and consultant reports.   These documents cover hydrology, fish swimming performance, barriers to movement of fish, fish ladders, and other passage structures (such as bridges), but there is particular emphasis on salmonids and culverts in Alaska.   The papers had been compiled by staff of Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Sport Fish, Research and Technical Services, to provide an easily accessible source of the classic fish passage literature, all of which are still relevant to modern development projects.   Alaska Resources Library and Information Services (ARLIS) assisted with providing some of the hard-to-find papers.   All items are copyright-free or else permission was obtained for online posting.   Links may be freely shared.   Additional citations are added on an infrequent basis.

All but one reports below appear in the ARLIS library catalog.


LINKS VIA ARLIS DOCUMENT SERVER:



AuthorTitle
Alaska Department of Fish and Game, et al. Memorandum of Agreement between Alaska Department of Fish and Game and Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities for the design, permitting, and construction of culverts for fish passage.

August 3, 2001.

33 pages

Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Habitat Division. Denali Highway reconnaissance – September 9-11, 1986.

60 PDF pages.   Photographs and and handwritten information on back sides with typed notes.

Anchorage (Alaska).   Project Management and Engineering Division. Design criteria manual. Chapter 2, Drainage [Selection].

Anchorage : Municipality of Anchorage, Project Management and Engineering Division, 2007.

Excerpt: Pages 2-22, 2-23, 2-29, 2-30, 2-31, 2-45, 2-46, and 2-47 only.

Contents:   2.7 C. Culverts -- 2.7 D. Manholes -- 2.7 E. Subdrains (in part?) -- 2.7 K. Fish passage criteria -- 2.7 L. Maintenance Considerations -- Section 2.8. Drainage Criteria for Streets -- 2.8 A. Curbs and gutters -- 2.8 B. Ditches -- 2.8 C. Storm drains inlets (in part?) -- Section 2.14. Erosion and sediment control -- 2.14 A. Objectives -- Section 2.15. Stream restoration -- 2.15 A. Hydrology -- 2.15 B. Stream channel alignment -- 2.15 C. Erosion control and bank protection -- 2.15 D. Stream channels -- 2.15 E. Riparian habitat enhancement and floodplain construction -- 2.15 F. Revegetation

Andrew, F. J. Sockeye and pink salmon production in relation to proposed dams in the Fraser River system.

New Westminster, B.C. : International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission, 1960.

(Bulletin ; 11)

Arctic Hydrologic Consultants Discharge velocities in culverts that ensure passage of arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus).

Fairbanks, Alaska : Arctic Hydrologic Consultants, [1985]

Ashton, William S., et al. Determination of seasonal, frequency and durational aspects of streamflow with regard to fish passage through roadway drainage structures : final report / by William S. Ashton and Robert F. Carlson.

Fairbanks, Alaska : State of Alaska, Dept. of Transportation and Public Facilities, Division of Planning and Programming, Research Section, [1984]

(Report ; no. AK-RD-85-06)

Behlke, Charles E. Hydraulic relationships between swimming fish and water flowing in culverts.

Originally published in: Cold regions environmental engineering : proceedings of the second international conference : Edmonton, Alberta, 23-24 March, 1987.

Behlke, Charles E., et al. Economic culvert design using fish swimming energy and power capabilities / Charles E. Behlke, Douglas L. Kane, Robert F. McLean, Michael D. Travis.

[1991?]

6 pages

Behlke, Charles E., et al. Fundamentals of culvert design for passage of weak-swimming fish : final report / Charles E. Behlke, Douglas L. Kane, Robert F. McLean, and Michael D. Travis.

Fairbanks, AK : Alaska Dept. of Transportation and Public Facilities, [1991]

"FHWA-AK-RD-90-10."

Includes diskette in pocket.   Contents are not made avaible here.

Behlke, Charles E. Power and energy implications of passage structures for fish.

Originally published in: Fisheries Bioengineering Symposium.

Behlke, Charles E., et al. Spawning migration of arctic grayling through Poplar Grove Creek culvert, Glennallen, Alaska, 1986 / by Charles E. Behlke and Douglas L. Kane, Robert F. McLean, James B. Reynolds, Michael D. Travis.

[Fairbanks] : Alaska Dept. of Transportation and Public Facilities, Division of Planning and Programming, [1988]

"Report no. FHWA-AK-RD-88-09."

Bell, Milo C. Fisheries handbook of engineering requirements and biological criteria.

Portland, Or. : Fisheries-Engineering Research Program, Corps of Engineers, North Pacific Division, [1973]

Bell, Milo C. Fisheries handbook of engineering requirements and biological criteria.

Portland, Or. : Fisheries-Engineering Research Program, Corps of Engineers, North Pacific Division, [1980] -- "Revised, 1980."

Bryant, M. D., et al. Seasonal movement of Dolly Varden and cutthroat trout with respect to stream discharge in a second-order stream in Southeast Alaska / M.D. Bryant, M.D. Lukey, J.P. McDonell, R.A. Gubernick, and R.S. Aho.

American Fisheries Society, 2009.

Article from: North American journal of fisheries management (29) pages 1728-1742

Carlson, Robert F. Seasonal, frequency and durational aspects of streamflow in southeast and coastal Alaska : final report .

Fairbanks, AK : Alaska Dept. of Transportation and Public Facilities, Research Section, [1987]

"FHWA-AK-RD-87-22."

Curran, Janet H., et al. Estimating the magnitude and frequency of peak streamflows for ungaged sites on streams in Alaska and conterminous basins in Canada / by Janet H. Curran, David F. Meyer, and Gary D. Tasker.

Anchorage, Alaska : U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey ; Denver, CO : U.S. Geological Survey, Information Services [distributor], 2003.

(Water-resources investigations report ; 03-4188)

Here is the webpage to the accompanying material and other information about this document.

Davis, Jeffrey C., et al. Restoration evaluation, fish passage : final report / Jeffrey C. Davis and Gay A. Davis.

Talkeetna, Alaska : ARRI, Aquatic Restoration & Research Institute, [2008]

Davis, Jeffrey C., et al. The influence of stream crossing structures on the distribution of rearing juvenile Pacific salmon / Jeffrey C. Davis and Gay A. Davis.

Talkeetna, Alaska : ARRI, Aquatic Restoration & Research Institute, [2010]

Dekker, Franklin, et al. Salmon passage restoration cost-benefit prioritization for the Matanuska Susitna basin, Alaska, 2016 / Franklin Dekker and William Rice.

Anchorage : U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage Fish and Wildlife Field Office, [2016]

(Alaska fisheries technical report ; no. 108)

Eisenman, Mark Sampling unmapped streams for fish presence in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough, 2016 / by Mark Eisenman.

Anchorage : Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Sport Fish, Research and Technical Services, [2018]

(Fishery data series ; no. 18-07)

Eisenman, Mark, et al. Culvert inventory and assessment for fish passage in the state of Alaska : a guide to the procedures and techniques used to inventory and assess stream crossings, 2009-2014 / by Mark Eisenman and Gillian O'Doherty.

Anchorage : Alaska Dept. of Fish and Game, Division of Sport Fish, Research and Technical Services, [2014]

(Special publication ; no. 14-08)

Eisenman, Mark, et al. Fish passage assessment and culvert inventory on the King Cove and Cold Bay road systems / by Mark Eisenman, Gillian O'Doherty.

Anchorage, Alaska : Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Sport Fish, Research and Technical Services, 2018.

(Fishery data series ; no. 18-28)

Eisenman, Mark, et al. Fish passage assessment and prioritization of culverts in Gustavus, Haines, Juneau, Skagway, and Sitka, 2011-2012 / by Mark Eisenman and Gillian O'Doherty.

Anchorage, Alaska : Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Sport Fish, Research and Technical Services, 2020.

(Fishery data series ; no. 20-12)

Flanders, Linda Shea, et al. Tongass road condition survey report / by Linda Shea Flanders and Jim Cariello.

Juneau, Alaska : Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Habitat and Restoration Division, [2000].

(Technical report ; no. 00-7)

Frei, Christopher Michael. Design of fish passage at bridges and culverts.

Thesis (M.S.)--Washington State University, 2006.

(Hydraulic engineering circular ; 26)

G.N. McDonald & Associates. Stream crossing design procedure for fish streams on the North Slope coastal plain of Alaska / prepared by G.N. McDonald & Associates.

Anchorage, Alaska : G.N. McDonald & Associates, [1994]

International Conference on Ecology and Transportation (2003 : Lake Placid, N.Y.) International Conference on Ecology & Transportation : ICOET, making connections : 2003 proceedings : August 24-29, 2003, Lake Placid, New York.   Chapter 2,   Aquatic ecosystems : fish passage and protection.

Raleigh, NC : Center for Transportation and the Environment, North Carolina State University, 2003.

This chapter contains six full articles plus two one-page abstracts:

  • The Adverse Effects to Fishes of Pile-Driving : The Implications for ESA and EFH Consultations in the Pacific Northwest / John Stadler.
  • Design and Construction of Aquatic Organism Passage at Road-Stream Crossings : Ecological Considerations in the Design of River and Stream Crossings / Scott Jackson.
  • Design and Construction of Aquatic Organism Passage at Road-Stream Crossings : Site Assessment and Geomorphic Considerations in Stream Simulation Culvert Design / Bob Gubernick, Kim Clarkin and Michael Furniss.
  • Design and Construction of Aquatic Organism Passage at Road-Stream Crossings : Designing Culverts for Aquatic Organism Passage : Stream Simulation Design / Bob Gubernick and Kozmo Ken Bates.
  • Design and Construction of Aquatic Organism Passage at Road-Stream Crossings : Construction Challenges and Case Studies of Stream Simulation Structures for Aquatic Organism Passage / David Kim Johansen.
  • Fish Passage at Selected Culverts on the Hoonah Ranger District, Tongrass [i.e. Tongass] National Forest / Chris Riley.
  • Protection of an Endangered Fish Tor Tor and Tor Putitora Population Impacted by Transportation Network in the Area of The Tehri Dam Project, Garhwal Himalaya, India / R. Sharma.
  • Spooner Creek Restoration and Fish Ladder / Tom Moore.

Kane, Douglas L., et al. A hydraulic evaluation of fish passage through roadway culverts in Alaska : final report / by Douglas L. Kane and Paula M. Wellen.

Fairbanks : State of Alaska, Dept. of Transportation and Public Facilities, Division of Planning and Programming, Research Section, [1985]

"Report no. FHWA-AK-RD-85-24."

Kane, Douglas L., et al. Hydrology, hydraulics and fish passage performance of arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) at Fish Creek, Denali Highway near Cantwell, Alaska / Douglas L. Kane, Charles E. Behlke, Daniel L. Basketfield, Robert E. Gieck, Robert F. McLean, and Michael D. Travis.

Fairbanks, AK : Water Research Center, Institute of Northern Engineering, University of Alaska, 1989.

"Report No. FHWA-AK-89-03."

Kane, Douglas L., et al. Juvenile fish passage through culverts in Alaska : a field study : a final report / by Douglas L. Kane, Charles E. Belke, Robert E. Gieck, and Robert F. McLean.

[Fairbanks, Alaska] : Water and Environmental Research Center, [2000]

"Report number INE/WERC 00.05."

Karle, Kenneth F. Analysis of an efficient fish barrier assessment protocol for highway culverts.

[Fairbanks] :Alaska Dept. of Transportation & Public Facilities, Research & Technology Transfer, [2005]

"FHWA-AK-RD-05-02."

Lamke, R. D. Flood characteristics of Alaskan streams.

Anchorage, Alaska : U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Geological Survey, 1979.

(Water-resources investigations ; 78-129)

Lamprey Technical Workgroup Barriers to Adult Pacific Lamprey at Road Crossings : Guidelines for Evaluating and Providing Passage.

Lauman, Jim E. Salmonid passage at stream-road crossings : a report with Department standards for passage of salmonids.

Portland, Or. : Environmental Management Section, Department of Fish and Wildlife, 1976.

MacPhee, Craig. Swimming performance of arctic grayling in highway culverts : final report to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska on contract no. 14-16-001-5207, dated September 1, 1972, project period, September 1, 1972 to June 30, 1976.

Moscow : University of Idaho, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, 1976.

(Bulletin ; no. 13)

Matanuska-Susitna Borough (Alaska) Subdivision Construction Manual.   Section D, Drainage requirements.

Adopted ORD 13-097.

This excerpt contains these subsections only:
  • DO3   Fish Passage Culverts
  • DO4   Hydraulic Methods

The entire 1991 edition of the Subdivision Construction Manual is available with Section D, subsections D03 and D04 on pages 31-33.   Note that the pages are formatted differently, but the text is identical.

Morris, William A., et al. Evaluation of stream crossing structures for providing fish passage in a tundra stream : fish sampling of Fawn Creek, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, 2004 / prepared by William Morris & Jack Winters.

[Alaska] : Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Office of Habitat Management and Permitting, [2004]

(Technical report ; no. 04-05)

Nichols, Jeff, et al. Klawock watershed road condition survey / by Jeff Nichols, Brian Frenette, and Moira Ingle.

Douglas, AK : Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division Habitat and Restoration, [2000]

Nudelman, Joel Road condition survey for the forest road system in the Kenai Peninsula Borough / prepared by Joel Nudelman.

Juneau, AK : Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry, [2015]

O'Doherty, Gillian ADF&G Fish Passage Program: summary of existing inventory and assessment data and gap analysis, September 2009.

Anchorage : Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Sport Fish, Research and Technical Services, [2010]

(Special publication ; no. 10-17)

O'Doherty, Gillian Fish passage assessment of culverted road crossings in King Salmon, Naknek, and Dillingham, 2012-2013.

Anchorage : Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Sport Fish, Research and Technical Services, [2014]

(Fishery data series ; no. 14-45)

Tack, Stephen L., et al. Performance of arctic grayling in a twenty foot section of model "A" Alaska Steeppass fish ladder : final report to the Army Corps of Engineers Alaska Division / by Stephen L. Tack and Jack G. Fisher.

[Alaska : Alaska Dept. of Fish and Game : National Marine Fisheries Service, 1977]

Tilsworth, T., et al. Fish passage through Poplar Grove Creek : final report / by T. Tilsworth and Michael D. Travis.

Fairbanks, AK : State of Alaska, Dept. of Transportation and Public Facilities, Research Section, [1987]

"Report no. FHWA-AK-RD-87-15."

United States.   Forest Service.   Alaska Region. A summary of technical considerations to minimize the blockage of fish at culverts on the national forests of Alaska.

"(A supplement to the Alaska Region’s June 2, 2002 briefing paper titled Fish Passage on Alaska’s National Forests)"

September 7, 2002.

[7] pages

Wiley, Jeffrey B., et al. Estimating annual high-flow statistics and monthly and seasonal low-flow statistics for ungaged sites on streams in Alaska and conterminous basins in Canada / by Jeffrey B. Wiley and Janet H. Curran.

Plate 1 (accompanying map)

Anchorage, Alaska : U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey ; Denver, CO : U.S. Geological Survey [distributor], 2003.

(Water-resources investigations report ; 03-4114)

Ziemer, Gill L., et al. Analysis of salmon capabilities in steep fish ladders / by Gil L. Ziemer and Charles E. Behlke.

[College, Alaska] : University of Alaska, Institute of Water Resources, [196-?]

"Reprint from Proceedings of the Second Annual American Water Resources Conference, sponsored by American Water Resources Association at the University of Chicago, November 20-22, 1966."