Jerry BrownEdmund Gerald Brown Jr. (born April 7, 1938) is an American politician who served as the 34th and 39th governor of California from 1975 to 1983 and from 2011 to 2019. In the early 1970s, Brown was elected California secretary of state, and decades later served as mayor of Oakland, California from 1999 to 2007, and California attorney general from 2007 to 2011. A member of the Democratic Party, Brown was both the oldest and sixth-youngest governor of California as a consequence of the 28-year gap between his second and third terms. Upon completing his fourth term in office, Brown became the third longest-serving governor in United States history, serving 16 years and 7 days in office.
Born in San Francisco, he was the son of Pat Brown, who served as the 32nd governor of California (1959–1967), and Bernice Layne Brown. After graduating from the University of California, Berkeley and Yale University, he practiced law and began his political career as a member of the Los Angeles Community College District Board of Trustees (1969–1971). He was elected to serve as the 23rd Secretary of State of California from 1971 to 1975.
At 36, Brown was elected to his first term as governor of California in 1974, making him the youngest California governor in 111 years. In 1978, he won his second term. During his governorship, Brown ran unsuccessfully as a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1976 and 1980. He declined to pursue a third term as governor in 1982, instead making an unsuccessful run for the United States Senate that same year. After traveling abroad, he returned to California and served as Chairman of the California Democratic Party (1989–1991), attempting to run for President once more in 1992.
After moving to Oakland where he hosted a talk radio show, Brown returned to public life, serving as Mayor of Oakland (1999–2007), and then as Attorney General of California (2007–2011). He ran for his third and fourth terms as California governor in 2010 and 2014, his eligibility to do so having stemmed from California's constitutional grandfather clause. On October 7, 2013, he became the longest-serving governor in the history of California, surpassing Earl Warren. Provided by Wikipedia